I disagree TC. To make mozzarella from pasteurized milk often requires the addition of calcium chloride, and that doesn't even always work. My opinion, creating curd to make cheese is probably going to require you to buy rennet from a specialty store of some kind, or order it online. With that much effort involved you could just buy some mozzarella curd. Poly-o makes a very good one. If you're not familiar with the technique, get the curd, practice, and once you've mastered it, start making your own curd. Making your curd is far more difficult and time consuming than the actually cheese making from the curd.
Maybe you are already an experience cheese maker. But best put, know how to grill a sirloin before you begin butchering cows.
Good ol pasteurized skim milk, however, will make cottage cheese
Well I haven't tried making any cheese besides mozzarella, ricotta, and cottage. But milk curd is produced one of two ways. Coagulation by acid, or by lactic bacteria or yeast. Those three are all made by acid coagulation and require no maturation at all. While that trick that works for yogurt definitely may work for curds made via bacteria or yeast, I wouldn't bet on it working for acid based curds. I am by no means, however, telling you no. I don't honestly know, but that's what my logic tells me.
And seriously. You find a book all about cheese making, please recommend it to me. I'm a very "dont buy what I can make" kind of person. You get me the info I need to stop buying mygruyere, you may be somewhat of a hero to me.
I cracked open the Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, and surprisingly, it wasn't too much help. The sciency articles didn't offer any advice on how much calcium chloride to use. It appears to be quantum satis.
On the other hand, there was some discussion on the legal limits. In the USA, according to 21 CFR § 184.1193 puts the limit at 0.2% in cheese.
I honestly don't really know the science behind it. I just used to make the stuff for a deli i was working in. We ordered curd whenever available, otherwise whole milk and calcium chloride was used. and a very small amount. That is the other good thing about getting the curd. you know exactly how much cheese you're going to get. while milk you MIGHT get a lb from the whole gallon, if you did everything consistently.