Beef Stock "molecular"... with ice

Discussion in 'Food & Cooking' started by chef37, Jun 5, 2016.

  1. chef37

    chef37

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    Hi...

    anyone came across doing a beef jus without roasting the bones veges etc ..and filling up the pot with ice cubes over three days and the veges also frozen ??

    We had a Head Chef in our Hotel before me ,he used to do it and apparently got this method from El Bulli where he has been for a year or two...

    It works somehow and gives a nice clear pretty dark jus...sometimes the jus gets a bit to bitter after reducing..

    Just wonder if anyone knows what actually happen when you do this method...why the ice and what r the best circumstances /conditions/ingredients to perfect this method and have a consistence product

    Cheers

    from NZ
     
    Last edited: Jun 5, 2016
  2. chefwriter

    chefwriter

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    Can you explain this method in more detail?  Your description doesn't include any actual cooking, just ice and frozen vegetables. 
     
  3. chef37

    chef37

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    day one:  put cannon/marrow /neck bones in a pot with cold water ...bring it slowly to boil...turn it down to simmer...skim protein and fat... after six or 8 hrs skim again and fill up the pot with ice cubes

    day two: 6 to 8 hours after the last skimming / filling up with ice... skim and ice again

    and 6 to 8 hrs later again plus this time add your frozen veges 

    day three: fill up with ice again...skim again...wait 6 more hrs before you strain the stock through a filter/cloth

    add red wine ,pepper corns ,bay leaves etc...and reduce to preferred consistency /taste 
     
    Last edited: Jun 5, 2016
  4. cheflayne

    cheflayne

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    I have always heard that method referred to as clear stocking. The basic premise is that the ice stimulates the building of a raft. The next day, turn spigot on pot and run stock through an etamine before putting stock into a clean pot and putting back on stove to simmer another day or before putting away for storage.
     
  5. chefwriter

    chefwriter

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    simmering stock, not reaching a boil, helps keep it clear so off the top of my head I'd say the ice serves to cool the stock rapidly and probably helps settle out anything making it cloudy. When the stock has reduced through simmering, more water is needed but adding ice, not water drops the temp so the stock isn't in the danger zone. The long three day cooking is what helps provide the dark color. Without reading the original recipe, I'd guess the frozen veggies are frozen only because they have been saved in  the freezer and adding them frozen is another way to keep the stock from the boiling point. 

    Does the original recipe provide any further information? 
     
  6. flipflopgirl

    flipflopgirl

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    A combo of chefs layne and writer's posts.
    The fat sticks to the ice (raft of sorts) as well as dropping the contents to a safe low temp before storage for the nite just skim it out before it melts as the fat will be released back into the stock.
    Gone are the days of leaving a stockpot to simmer unchecked overnite so unless you wanna sit there and babysit you need a rapid cool down.
    Then repeat for as many days as needed.
    The frozen veg puzzle has been solved as well IMO.

    mimi
     
  7. cheflayne

    cheflayne

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    it is not so much that the ice has the the physical attributes of a raft but rather that it lowers the temperature of the albumin and gelatin so that they begin to bond and form long molecules almost like a net and by doing so they begin to trap and draw impurities making for a clearer stock as long as the raft is not disturbed.
     
  8. flipflopgirl

    flipflopgirl

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    Had no idea all that was going on under the few handfuls of ice that I add to the stock to degrease when I am in a hurry to finish up the gravy and get dinner on the table lol.
    Thanks Chef!

    mimi
     
  9. chef37

    chef37

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    best answer bro...awesome!

    THX
     
    Last edited: Jun 6, 2016
  10. chef37

    chef37

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    There is no further information on the recipe... the frozen veges only have the same purpose as the ice and add flavour to the stock...and after cheflayers ansver it's obvious for helping clarifying the stock...

    after Escoffier: the dark color comes from the osmazom(meet extract) in meet... that's why it's not really necessary to roast bones and meet..or at least not too dark...which would cause a bitterness..

    We don't even use tomato paste and I can't say we miss it... if all the steps were doing right...there is a beautiful Jus as end product...very clear ,dark ,smooth ,tasty

    Cheers
     
  11. chef37

    chef37

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    The fat is already skimmed before we add ice...fat needs to skimmed quickly in most stocks as it binds to much flavor otherwise

    we don't need to drop temps over nyt as it simmers very lightly in a consistent temperature

    we can't simmer a stock too many days either...it's getting bitter after too long .... a perfect beef stock for us is not longer than 72 hrs simmering...sometimes a bit less ...depends on the bones/meet 

    Cheers
     
  12. chefwriter

    chefwriter

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           If you don't mind, could you clarify this method from start to finish? Pun intended.  I'm a bit confused. What are all the steps involved?

    Do you really simmer the stock for 72 hours non stop? At what temperature is it simmering?  Are there any bones left when it is finally done?  How much ice are you adding to how much stock and precisely when?  You aren't adding the ice to help cool the stock off before you store it for the night? So how do you know when to add it?  

           It has been my understanding that removing the fat helps prevent clouding but doesn't remove flavor. Fat by itself is flavorful but isn't removing flavor from the stock. 

    What I can add is that there is actually no such thing scientifically as osmazom. It was a word Escoffier used but not a scientifically sound one. Umami probably would have worked just as well to describe what he was talking about. 
     
  13. chef37

    chef37

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    Steps are as described.

    Yes up to 72hrs 90degrees...if only cannon bones for example...
    Mixed with neck bones the time frame is reduced to 48 hrs...
    And yes there r bones left...but who cares??!!! As I want only my yummy stock :D

    Never in my 20years as chef we stored a stock in the fridge over night to start the boiling prozess next day again... and it just works very well to leave it on low heat and of cz fill it up when a bit reduced etc

    Who says fat doesn't absorb flavor?

    I don't really know then what makes the stock dark after a while..without roasting anything nor add a wine/tomato paste reduction etc...
    Only had the word osmazom in my head from Escoffier...maybe you could explain to me which chemical prozess happen and cz the dark color then...would aprecciate that!

    The ice is added to help clearifying and I guess also to help a bit with the dark color....
    But that I can't really explain ..thats why I started the thread in the first place...to hopefully find someone who can ;)

    Cheers
     
    Last edited: Jun 7, 2016