The X1 Ground Espresso machine was designed for the espresso aficionado who prefers to use ground coffee to achieve the perfect cup of authentic Italian espresso. The machine was designed by Luca Trazzi. The Body is made of steel. The finish is a baked on powder coat epoxy . The 18 bar pump ensures enough pressure for the perfect extraction. Like the other Francis Francis! machines, the boiler is brass, the brewing head is chrome-plated brass, and the dual electronic thermostats control the coffee temperature and steam temperature. An automatic boiler refill offers continuous steam and prevents accidental burn out of the heating element. Easily identifiable symbols, lights and sounds makes this machine user friendly.