Mini Multilingual Fish Guide For Menu Reading

By margcata, Jan 14, 2012 | |
  1. Written By: Margaux Cintrano - Margcata.

    At the junction between The Mediterranean and The Atlantic, The Iberian Peninsula enjoys its exquisite variety of fish, shellfish and seafood products. Additionally, The Western Atlantic, The Eastern Atlantic and Southern Atlantic have a diversity of species and uncountable names in English, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian, Catalan and French. Here is a Mini Guide to assist in Menu Reading.

    1) Herring ( This variety is absent in Iberian waters. )

    Spanish: arenque

    Portuguese: arenque

    German: hering

    Catalan: arengada

    Italian: arringa

    French: hareng

    2) Sardine

    Spanish: sardina

    Portuguese: sardinha

    Italian: sardina

    German: sardine

    Catalan: patoya / sardina

    French: sardine

    3) Shad ( extremely rare in The Mediterranean )

    Spanish: sábalo

    Portuguese: sável

    German: alse / maifisch

    Catalan: alatija

    French: alose

    4) Anchovy

    Italian: acciuga

    Spanish: anchoa

    Portuguese: anchova

    German: sardelle

    Catalan: anxova

    French: anchois

    5) Salmon

    Italian: salmone

    Spanish: salmón

    German: lachs

    Catalan: salmó

    French: saumon

    6)  Whiting ( rare in Spain )

    Spanish: merlán / plegonero

    Portuguese: badejo

    German: wittling

    Catalan: peix rei

    French: merlan

    7) Cod fish

    Italian: merluzzo

    Spanish: bacalao

    Portuguese: bacalhau

    German: dorsch / kabelijau

    French: cabillaud

    8) Haddock ( rare in Spain )

    Italian: tipo di merluzzo

    Spanish: edlefino

    Portuguese: arinca / burro

    French: églefin

    9) Pollack ( east Atlantic and southern Spain )

    Spanish: abadejo

    Portugese: juliana

    German: pollack

    French: lieu jaune

    10)  Hake ( common in Spain )

    Spanish: merluza

    Portuguese: pescada

    German: seehechte

    Catalan: lluc

    French: merlu / merluche

    11) John Dory ( prized in Barcelona and Costa Brava )

    Catalan: gallo / gal

    Spanish: pez de San Pedro

    Portuguese: peixe Sao Paulo

    German: heringskönig

    French: saint pierre

    12) Alfonsino ( Hawaii and Japan )

    Spanish: palometa

    Portuguese: imperador

    French: dorade rouge / béryx

    German: kaiserbarsch

    13) Sea Bass

    Spanish: lubina

    Catalan: llobarro

    Portuguese: robalo

    German: seebarsch

    French: Bar

    14) Grouper ( Caribbean and southern Spain )

    Spanish: mero

    Cuban Spanish ( Miami ): cherne

    Portuguese: mero

    German: brauner zachenbarsch

    French: mérou

    Catalan: anfós

    15)  Rudderfish ( USA - Chesapeke Bay ) and in U.K. English: Amberjack ( common catch - Sicily )

    and Mallorca, Spain.

    Portuguese: charuteiro

    Spanish: pez limon

    French: sênole

    German: seriolafisch

    Catalan: verderol

    16) Pompano ( Western Atlantic, The Caribbean Zone )

    Spanish: palometa blanca / pampano blanco

    Portuguese: sereia

    French: palomine

    German: Bläuel

    17) Bluefish ( North America and The USA ) 

    Spanish :  anjova

    French: tassergal

    Catalan: tallahams / trencahams

    18) Mahi Mahi - Dolphin Fish ( Not the Mammal ! ) ( Hawaii )

    English: dolphin fish

    Spanish: lampuga

    German: goldmakrele

    French: corìphène

    19) Rubber Lip Grunt ( Cádiz and Portugal )

    Spanish: borriquete

    Portuguese: pombo

    French: dorade gris

    20) Sea Bream ( Western Atlantic / Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic )

    Spanish: pargo

    Miami Spanish: pargo

    Portuguese: pargo

    German: rotbrassen

    21) Red Banded Bream ( Andalusian waters )

    Spanish: hurta ( pronounced Ur ta )

    French: sar royal /  pagre rayé

    22) Dentex ( Greece / Adriatic )

    Spanish: Dentón

    French: denté

    Catalan: déntol

    German:  zahnbrassen

    Portuguese: dentao

    23) Red Mullet ( Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean )

    Spanish: salmonete

    French: rouget de roche

    Portuguese: salmonete   

    Catalan: moll roquer

    German: gesteifle

    24) Scorpion Fish ( Mediterranean, Senegal, Normandy and Brittany, France )

    Spanish: cabracho

    Portuguese: rainúculo

    French: rascasse rouge

    Catalan: cap roig

    25) Mackeral ( Spain´s canning industry for exporting canned Caballa in olive oil )

    NW Galicia, Spain  

    Spanish: caballa

    Portuguese: sarda

    Galicia: xarda

    German: makrele

    French: maquereau

    26) Plaice ( Southern Ireland )

    Italian: passera di mare

    Spanish: solla

    Portuguese: solha

    French: plie

    27) Turbot ( NW Galician Waters, Spain and Brittany, France )

    Italian: rombo

    Spanish: rodaballo

    French: turbot

    German: steinbutt

    28) Dover, Sole

    Italian: sogliola

    Spanish: lenguado

    Portuguese: linguado

    German: seezunge

    French: sole

    Catalan: llenguado

    29) Monkfish or Angler Fish ( Mediterranean and Atlantic )

    Often called Goosefish in the USA and / or The Poor Man´s Lobster ...

    Italian: squadro

    Spanish: rape

    Galician: rape

    Portuguese: tamoril

    French: baudroie

    German: seeteufel

    Catalan: granota de mar

    The next article on this subject shall cover Crystaceans, Cephalopods and Mollusks.

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